Cardinal Priest of S Stefano al Monte Celio
Third son of a railway official, Cardinal Wetter was born in Landau, in the diocese of Speyer, Germany, on February 20, 1928. He studied Theology at Rome's Gregorian University. On October 10, 1953, he was ordained a priest. In 1962, Wetter became Professor of Fundamental Theology at the Higher Institute of Philosophy and Theology of Eichstaett. In 1967, he became a professor of Dogmatic Theology at the University of Mainz. Named bishop of Speyer on May 28, 1968, he was promoted to Archbishop of Munich and Freising on October 28, 1982, in place of Cardinal Ratzinger, who was called to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith in Rome. While President of the Commission for the Faith in the German Episcopal Conference, he was elevated to the cardinalate by John Paul II during the Consistory of May 25, 1985. He is a member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and the Congregation for Catholic Education.