Cardinal Priest of St Anthony of Padua in via Tuscolana
Cardinal Paulo Evaristo Arns, O.F.M, Archbishop emeritus of São Paulo, Brazil, was born of humble parentage on 14 September 1921, in Forquilhinha, Municipal of Crisciuma, State of Santa Catarina, Diocese of Tubarão. After finishing the normal formation courses at the Franciscan Order in Brazil, he entered the Order of the Friars Minor. In 1946 he studied at the Sorbonne, where he earned a doctorate in classical languages with high honours.
He made his solemn profession on 10 December 1943, and was ordained to the priesthood on 30 November 1945, assuming varied teaching responsibilities in the houses of the province and elsewhere. On 12 January 1961 he was elected vice-provincial of the province of the Immaculate Conception of the Friars Minor. He was the director of the monthly review for religious Sponsa Christi and of the editorial centre of the Franciscans at Petropolis, Vozes, which is one of the most important Catholic publishing groups in Brazil.
He then studied at the faculty of philosophy at Curitiba. After finishing his theology studies at Petropolis, State of Rio, he earned a Doctor of Letters at the Sorbonne in Paris, writing a dissertation on : La Tèchnique du Livre d’apres Saint Jèrôme.
In Brazil, Cardinal Arns was a professor at the minor seminary of Agudos, State of São Paulo; on the faculty of Philosophy, Science and Letters of Bauru; at the Theological Institute of the Franciscans at Petropolis; and, at the Catholic University of the same city.
On 2 May 1966 he was nominated by Paul VI Auxiliary Bishop of São Paulo and received episcopal ordination on 3 July 1966. In the Archdiocese of São Paulo, as auxiliary bishop and episcopal vicar, he won the sympathy and admiration of all the clergy and faithful.
On 22 October 1970 he was promoted to Archbishop of São Paulo.
Created and proclaimed Cardinal by Paul VI in the consistory of 5 March 1973. Titular church, St. Anthony of Padua in Via Tuscolana.
Archbishop emeritus of São Paulo, 15 April 1998
Cardinal Arns is a journalist and writer. He is also the author of the following books: A quem iremos, Senhor? (To Whom Shall We Go, Lord?); A humanidade caminha para a fraternidade (Humanity on the Road toward Fraternity); Paul VI: voce é contra ou a favor? (Paul VI: Are you for or against?) Cartes de Santo Inhàcio: Introdução, Tradução e Notas (Letters of Saint Ignatius: Introduction, Translation, and Notes); Cartas de São Clemente Romano: Introdução, Tradução e Notas (Letters of St. Clement of Rome: Introduction, Translation, and Notes); A guerra acabrà se vocé quiser (Wars Will End If You Want); Communidade: união e acção (Community: Union and Action). In addition, he translated the works, "A Corresponsabilidade na Igreja de hoje" (The Coresponsibility of the Church today) by Cardinal Suenens and "Nova Historia da Igreia" (A New History of the Church) by Cardinal Danielou.