Cardinal Priest of San Roberto Bellarmino
Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, SJ, Archbishop of Buenos Aires (Argentina) , was born in Buenos Aires on 17 December 1936. He studied and earned a diploma as a technical chemist, but then chose the priesthood and entered the seminary in Villa Devoto. He entered the novitiate of the Society of Jesus on 11 March 1958 and completed his humanities studies in Chile before returning to Buenos Aires in 1963 where he obtained a degree in philosophy from the Philosophy Faculty of the San José Major College in San Miguel.
Between 1964 and 1965, he taught literature and psychology at the Immaculate Mary College in Santa Fe and from 1966, he taught the same subjects at Saviour College in Buenos Aires.
From 1967 to 1970, he studied theology at the Theology Faculty at the San José Major College, in San Miguel. He was ordained a priest on 13 December 1969.
In 1970-71, he finished his third probation at Alcalá de Henares (Spain) and he took his final vows on 22 April 1973.
He was master of novices at Villa Barilari, San Miguel (1972-1973), professor at the Theology Faculty, Provincial Consultor and Rector of the Major College. On 31 July 1973, he was elected Provincial of Argentina, a position he held for many years.
Between 1980 and 1986, he was rector of the Major College and of its Philosophy and Theologoy Faculties. He was also parish priest of Patriarca San José in the diocese of San Miguel.
In March 1986, he went to Germany to finish his doctoral thesis; on his return, he was assigned to the Saviour College, going from there to the Jesuit church in the city of Cordoba as spiritual director and confessor.
On 20 May 1992, Pope John Paul II named him titual Bishop of Auca and Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires. He was consecrated on 27 June in the Cathedral of Buenos Aires by Cardinal Antonio Quarracino, Monsignor Ubaldo Calabresi (Apostolic Nuncio) and bishop of Mercedes-Luján, Monsignor Emilio Ogñénovich.
On 3 June 1997, he was named Coadjutor Archbishop of Buenos Aires and succeeded to full governance of the Archdiocese on 28 February 1998, following the death of Cardinale Quarracino.
He has written the books: «Meditaciones para religiosos» in 1982, «Reflexiones sobre la vida apostólica» in 1986 and «Reflexiones de esperanza» in 1992.
He is Ordinary for the Oriental-Rite faithful living in Argentina without their own Ordinary. He is second vice-president of the Argentinian Bishops' Conference and, as a member of the Executive Committee, is a member of the Permanent Commission representing the Province of Buenos Aires.
He is currently a member of the Episcopal Commission for Catholic Education and of the Argentina Catholic University, of which he is Grand Chancellor.
He is a member of:
- Congregations: for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, for the Clergy.